Iguanas reintroduced to Galapagos nearly two centuries after they disappeared.
A gaggle of greater than 1,400 iguanas have been reintroduced to an island within the Galápagos archipelago almost two centuries after they disappeared from there, authorities mentioned on Monday.
The Galápagos land iguanas from North Seymour Island have been freed onto Santiago Island as a part of an ecological restoration program, the Nationwide Galapagos park authority mentioned in an announcement.
The final recorded sighting of iguanas in Santiago Island was made by British naturalist Charles Darwin in 1835.
“Virtually two centuries later, this ecosystem will as soon as once more rely on this species by the restoration initiative,” mentioned the park authority.
Its director, Jorge Carrion, mentioned the iguanas turned extinct because of the introduction of predators such because the feral pig, which was eradicated in 2001.
This system can also be geared toward defending the inhabitants of iguanas on North Seymour, mentioned to quantity about 5,000, the place meals is proscribed.
“The land iguana is a herbivore that helps ecosystems by dispersing seeds and sustaining open areas devoid of vegetation,” mentioned Danny Rueda, the park authority’s ecosystems director.
The Galápagos archipelago, which lies 600 miles (1,000km) from the Ecuador coast, accommodates distinctive wildlife and vegetation, and is a Unesco world heritage website however has one of the fragile ecosystems on the earth.